Anuradhapura is a historical town in the North Central Province and which contains historic evidence abundantly. Isurumuniya Vihara, a well-known Buddhist temple also located in the respective town mentioned above. The vihara is located close proximity to the Tissa wewa.
Isurumuniya is a rock temple which means the temple or vihara was built on rock. It was built by King Devaampiyatissa when he ruled the Anuradapura kingdom. The vihara is also called as Meghagiri vihara and the King buit the vihara as a monastery for 500 ordained children. The vihara is famous for having artistic sculpture work. Mainly there are 4 sculptures to which the tourists rush to visit. They are Isurumuniya lovers, elephant pond, horse man and royal family. The artistic sculpture Isurumuniya lover was found in the royal garden which is closer to the vihara. There are some interpretations related to this carving. Some says as it is the carving of Prince Saliya (Son of Dutugemunu and he who gave up his throne for his low cast mistress) and Asokamala (mistress of Saliya). Another says it is the carving of god Shiva and his wife Parvathi. Other than this carving, at the entrance of the vihara carving of a pond and bathing elephants and above that a soldier seated with a horse head in royal pose also can be seen. The believers say that these statues represent the god of rain and this venue was used to worship the god of rain by the kings who ruled.
Isurumuniya is a famous tourist venue which can’t be missed by the locals and foreigners from their list. A natural surrounding with rocks ponds and greeny flora provides a fresh tourism for everyone.