Buddhist Temples

Buduruwagala Vihara Monaragala

Buduruwagala Vihara Monaragala


බුදුරුවගල රජමහ විහාරය

புதுருவாகல விஹாரை மொனராகலை

Moneragala » Monaragala

Monaragala which is the second largest district of Sri Lanka surrounded by greeny forest and exist as home for many archaeological and historical evidences. Buduruwagala is the main religious heritage site of Monaragala District. Buduruwagala is nearly 5km Southeast of Wellavaya, a scenic town in the Monaragala District, Uva Province of Sri Lanka.The Buduruwagala temple got its name from the sculptures exist at Buduruwagala – Budu/Budha-ruwa/Images-gala/rock. There seven main sculptures were carved out on a rock which is an kneeling elephant shaped. The present Buduruwagala temple premises consist of meditation center and relaxing benches to serve the pilgrims and tourists. Budruwagala temple is one of the historical temples of Sri Lanka which represents the Mahayana Buddhism tradition and also it should be noted that the sculptures are date back to 10th century. Here, a fifty five feet high Buddha statue was carved as center in respect to the two groups of sculptures. Each group to the left and right of the Buddha statue consist of three sculptures. Legends say that this is the tallest standing Buddha of Sri Lanka and some says this is the tallest carved Buddha of the present world – after the destruction of tallest statue in 21st century. The standing Buddha pose with the Abhaya mudra - right hand arm bend to the shoulder height and palm facing outward- which means free from fear and being kind. Some archaeologists say that this Buddha statue represents the Dipankara Buddha whom the Buddhists believed that who he enlightened before Gawthama Buddha. The two group sculptures to the right and left of Buddha are centered by Maitreya Bodhisattva and Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva respectively. The avalkotesvara Bodhisattva means the lord who looks downs the earth and Maitreya Bodhisattva means the Buddha who will (in future) born on Earth to teach dharma. Other than that Manjushri Bodhisattva and Vajrapani Bodhisathtva were carved to the right side and Sudhana Prince and Tara or Aryathara were carved. The sculptures of Prince Sudhana and Tara were carved in a thrice bent position. Also some of the sculptures resembles more likely to Hindu gods and their sitting positions. Other than these a hollow in a shape of lamp flame exist above center Buddha sculpture and many believe that some kind of oil leaked from there. Although at present many parts of the sculptures are damaged, they still exist due to the artistic value of those sculptors and plastering material they used to protect the sculptures. Other than these historical rememberances, Buduruwagala temple is a photographic venue among the hill area which attracts more pilgrims and tourists. 

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Lovamahapaya (Brazen Palace) Anuradhapura

Lovamahapaya (Brazen Palace) Anuradhapura


ලෝවාමහාපාය - අනුරාධපුරය

லோவமகாபாய விஹாரை -அனுராதபுர

Anuradhapura » Anuradhapura

The first established Kingdom of the country; the Anuradhapura city contain many famous ruins. Along the scenic route to Anuradhapura, the Lovamahapaya is located near Ruvanveliseya and Sri Mahabodiya.According to the ancient chronicle of Sri – lanka, Lovamahapaya is a massive structure existed at that time. The commentary such as, nine storied building, to a height of (nearly) 46meters with 40X40 numbers of columns were clearly describe the gigantic structure of Lovamahapaya which existed many centuries before. At first, King Devanampiyatiisa built a place for Buddhist monks to conduct their meetings but later King Dutugemunu built it into a massive building which contains nearly 1000 rooms for them to rest. The other speciality of Lovamahapaya is the roof top covered with copper plate. The height of the building brought down with the time and the chronicles mentioned the reason as it was built on wood. With some fire accidents by the oil lamps the building was deceased and the present look was brought by King Parakiramabahu I. Not only Buddhist but also other religious believers used to visit the place because of its adorable structure.

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Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya

Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya


දෙගල්දොරුව විහාරය, මහනුවර

டேகல்டொருவ ராஜ மகா விஹாரை

Badulla » Amunumulla

The Viharaya named Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Viharaya is positioned in a village of Central Province. The village is nearly 7km far from Kandy city and called as village Amunugama.Although the viharaya is a cave temple it was a man made cave. The patronage of king Keerthi Sri Rajasinghe was responsible for this cave temple. The temple is specially famous for its ceiling paintings. The cave ceilings and the walls decorated with the paintings of four Jathaka stories, scene of Lord Buddha and the forces of Mara and many more. At the top of the rock there is a Bo tree and a stupa which gives a spiritual mindset. Visitors, tourists and pilgrims can get more information about the Degaldoruwa raja Maha Viharaya when refer the Dealgaldoruwa copper plate of king Rajadhi Rajasinghe. 

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Thanthirimale Rajamaha Vihara

Thanthirimale Rajamaha Vihara


තන්තිරිමලේ රජ මහා විහාරය

தந்திரிமலை ராஜா மகா விஹாரை

Anuradhapura » Tantirimale

Thanthirimale is a village located in the Anuradhapura District and this village housed historically sacred thanthirimale raja maha vihraya. The holy premises Thanthirimale raja maha viharaya is situated nearly 44 km far from the Anuradhapura city, to its North – West direction.It is believed that the village exist from the 3rd century B.C with the name Thivakka Bamunugama. With the down fall of Anuradhapura kingdom the places around Thanthirimale Raja maha viharaya also lost their impotence. But in 1960’s Kudakongaskada Wmalagnana thero pioneered in renovating the viharaya. Viharaya consist of many attractions such as Samadhi Buddha statue of 8ft height, pond, ancient inscriptions, sleeping Buddha statue carved on stone and cave paintings of age (nearly) 4000 years. It is believed that a sapling of Sri Maha Bodhiya is located at the top of a rock which exists in the premises of Thanthirmale Raja maha viharaya. Still it’s a miracle for the tourist how the Bodhi sapling was grown well in the hard rock and less watery sand. Mostly pilgrims used to visit the viharaya but also many tourists from local and foreign used to visit. The fables and peaceful environment which centres the Thanthiri Raja maha viharaya can’t be forgotten by the visitors.

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Kalutara Bodhiya Budhist Temple

Kalutara Bodhiya Budhist Temple


කළුතර බෝධිය - කළුතර

புத்த விகாரை - களுத்துறை

Kalutara » Kalutara

Kalutara is a spice trading spot of present and past Sri Lanka. The Kalutara town is in Kalutara District, Western Province and nearly 42km down South to the capital city, Colombo. As the Kalu ganga river reaches the sea in Kalutara, the city gained the name Kalutara.The dagoba and the Bo tree are attracting every travellers those who cross Kalutara along Galle road. As mentioned in chronicles the Bo tree is a sapling of Sri Maha Bodhiya, Anuradhapura and it is one of the 32 saplings which were planted in several parts of Sri Lanka as directed by Ven. Mahindha Thero long time ago. During some difficult times of Ceylon the sacred relics of Buddha was enshrined here. This is the main reason for the continuous visit of pilgrims and Buddhist devotees to the Boddhiya temple. There is also a trust named Kalutara Bodhi Trust to maintain and preserve the Bo tree including the dagoba. The temple was also a famous and old land mark of the country as well as a good tourist spot. 

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Abhayagiri Vihara Anuradhapura

Abhayagiri Vihara Anuradhapura


අභයගිරි විහාරයb- අනුරාධපුරය

அபயகிரி விகாரை அனுராதபுரம்

Anuradhapura » Anuradhapura

One of the sacred venues of the country and the most important ruin of Auradhapura is Abayagiri Vihara. The great brick structure of the nation is located in Anuradhpura and nearly 6.5km from the main town.Chronicles state that king Vattagamini Abaya or well known as Walagamba, built this Vihara to full fill his vow against a Jani monk. The Vihara was named by adjoining the two rivals name “Abaya – King who built the Vihara” and “Giri – Jani monk”. The Vihara is very much important for Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. According to Mahavamsa and many famous chronicles the Abayagiri Dagoba was built over the foot print of Lord Buddha. The 2nd tallest stupa of Anuradhapura named Abayagiri stupa, moonstone, twin pond, Lankarama complex; Samadhi Buddha statue, museum and many more ruins exist in the citadel of Abayagiri Vihara. Tourists from all over and many scholars visit the Vihara to fulfil their knowledge thirsty. 

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Lankathilaka Viharaya Kandy

Lankathilaka Viharaya Kandy


ලංකාතිලක විහාරය

இலங்கதிலக விகாரை கண்டி

Kandy » Udunuwara

In the Kandy District of Central Province, a village named Udunuwara is famous for having a 14th century Buddhist temple. The Lankathilaka Vihara temple is also a few kilometres apart from another famous vihara, Gadaladeniya temple.During the Gampola era, King Bhuvanekabahu IV built this viharaya. According to chronicles a South Indian architect designed the temple using Sinhala and Indo – Chines architectural pattern. The four storied vihara (presently only 3 stories available) was built on a naturally existed rocky surface called Panhalgala rock. Although it’s a Buddhist temple, the statues of Vishnu, Saman, Vibhishana, Kumara Bandara and Ganapathi witnessed the practise of ‘worshiping number of deities’ during that era. The temple can be reached by 2 ways. One entrance is Sanghawasa which start from the bottom of rock and another through rock steps. The image house reflects the influence of Kandyan era. The rock inscriptions found in the Lankathilaka temple clearly describes the history of the temple in Tamil and Sinhala.Pilgrims, tourists and many schools from nation visit the temple. The Lankathilaka temple is not just a pilgrimage; it’s also a historical evidence of the country.

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Rambadagala Samadhi Buddha Statue

Rambadagala Samadhi Buddha Statue


රම්බඩගල්ල සමාධි පිළිමය

றம்படகல புத்தர் -குருநாகல்

Kurunegala » Ridigama

Rambodagala which belongs to the North-western Province and Kurunegala District owns a prominent place in the hearts of Buddhists for having the largest Buddha statue. The venue is nearly 20km apart from Kurunegala, 5km from Rideegama and 94km from the capital city, Colombo.The Samadhi Buddha statue located at the Rambadagalla Monaragala Viharaya in Ridigama, Kurunegala is 67.5 feet in height. The statue is considered as world largest statue of Samadhi Buddha. The works for this carved Buddha statue was started in 2003 September. The main artistic works of the statue was maintained by a South Indian architect named Muththaiya Isthapathi. The gigantic Buddha statue was carved out of a massive rock in the Rambodagala Temple premises.The devotees are more common in visiting the temple area and the statue. But the idea of Rev. Egodamulla Amaramoli made the region of Rambodagala, a prominent famous among the present generation. 

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Kiriwandeniya Temple

Kiriwandeniya Temple


කිරිවන්දෙණිය පුරාණ විහාරය

கிரிவண்டேனிய விகாரை

Kegalle » Rambukkana

Kiriwandeniya Temple is located in Rambukkana, Sri Lanka. This is one of attractive Buddhist Temple in Rambukkana Area.

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